Operational sustainability data sources are generally heterogeneous and require capabilities to be consolidated for viewing, analytics, and data synchronization.
The objective of environmental profiles, for environmentally critical assets or functional locations, is to provide a single point of overview to environmental performance. Operations can track environmental performance, like the carbon footprint of individual assets, or relative scores across asset types based on emission sources from related assets. With insights into environmental performance, like carbon footprint, operations can make improvements at an actionable level of granularity and start tracking the environmental impact of change.
The addition of a generic emission source data structure can be designed to include the date, emission types, material types, amount and unit of measure, and other metadata into a single common record of consumption and emission. Collected emission data may be continuous, fugitive, or count-based. Collected data needs to be quantified by date, emitted material, amount, and unit of measure.
The asset or functional location page in IBM Maximo Application Suite (MAS) Manage application, can provide an environmental tab with all environmentally related data. Using a tabular view of assets and functional locations, a relative sustainability score can be provided as a sustainability column.
An environmental profile can be delivered as a sustainability industry solution extending the view of assets and functional locations. Such an environmental profile presents all environmental emissions related to an asset or a functional location.
Using the environmental profile metadata, the tabular view may be manually filtered and sorted, or automatically queried, to provide insights into the environmental characteristics. Such insights may be any types, trends, and outlier emissions of an asset or location. AI models may use the environmental profile as a feature for asset sustainability scoring and asset maintenance strategies.
As the sustainability reporting tool focuses on emissions at selected site-level locations and monthly data aggregations, the environmental profile provides emission data at the fine-grained actionable source level of assets, parts, locations, and functional sub-locations.
An emission source is a fine-grained atomic unit of emission data. It unifies the data schema for specific types of emission workflows, like meters, inspections, incidents, and work orders.
An emission source captures the metadata needed to record an emission, such as the type of material, amount, unit of measure, and time-stamp information. Collected data may be continuous, fugitive, or count-based. The emission source data is normalized as CO2e using the emission factor of the material type.
An emission source is generic and is associated with a parent object that defines the context, for example, a meter, incident, or work order. The parent object is related as part of an Enterprise Asset Management (EAM) workflow that relates the emission source to an asset or a functional location. The environmental profile hence becomes the collection of associated emission source objects of an asset or a functional location.
Meters, Inspections, Incidents, Items, and Work Orders are all heterogeneous data sources. Collected data may be continuous, fugitive, or count-based.
Asset Meters and Location Meters represent instances of meter types with manual or automatic meter readings, for example, gas, water, or power consumption.
Meters may capture the meter reading as an emission source object.
The IBM MAS Manage application provides high-resolution streaming real-time data from connected devices and control systems. Data is provided in device messages with alphanumeric value types. Device data may be captured as an emission source object.
Inspections represent periodic manual asset or functional location inspections performed by technicians. An inspection is performed following a job plan with many inspection steps, including the sampling of asset data. Some sampled data may be of direct environmental significance or may be input to asset health models that provides a sustainability health score. Planning maintenance using health scores may prevent environmental incidents or drive replacement and improvement programs.
Inspections and resulting data are associated with inspected assets. Inspections may result in meter readings. Inspection data may also be captured as an emission source object.
Incidents are unexpected and unplanned events with health, safety, and environmental impact. An incident is recorded as one or more incident events each documenting a specific aspect of the incident, such as an environmentally impactful leak.
The type, severity, and classification of the event are documented as an emission source object. Incidents related to an asset or functional location context and the emissions from the incident contribute to the environmental profile.
Work Orders are planned asset maintenance activities across the lifecycle of the asset. Such maintenance includes for example repairs, part replacements, and refilling of consumables. The parts or consumables are referred to as Items.
A Work Order is tracking metadata related to the activity such as transportation and use of items. Replacement and disposal of parts may be used for accounting for the carbon footprint of items. Refilling consumables may be an indicator of abnormal consumption or leak. The environmental impact of the Work Order and Items may be captured as an emission source object.
Environmental Profile Information Model
The environmental profile and emission source objects unify the operational sustainability information.